Dr. Satywan Saurabh
Gender inequality is a long term problem in our society even today women are discriminated against in many ways. In India’s social context, women are legally entitled to equal rights, but there is a great need to sensitize society on gender issues so that there is no problem. Women have the right to be free from violence, harassment, and discrimination. Removing the barriers of an unsafe environment can help women fulfill their potential as individuals and contributors to work, communities, and economies.
Gender sensitivity can go a long way to ensure this. Gender sensitization is the modification of behavior so that there are greater awareness and empathy to create gender equality. The National Family Health Survey suggests that 30 percent of women in India in the 15-49 age group have experienced physical violence since the age of 15. The report further reveals that about 31 percent of married women have experienced physical, sexual, or emotional violence by their husbands.
Women are discriminated against not only in the womb and childhood but also in every sphere of life. Women are forced to face the day-to-day challenges and limitations in their lives, to ensure their ability for personal development and freedom, and gender equality, to live a better and dignified life, towards an inclusive and secure society. The first step. Gender sensitization will help dispel many assumptions about our being male. Gender sensitization and widespread social change are needed to end gender crimes
The root cause of gender discrimination is the patriarchal mind prevalent in Indian society. Although this is now changing with urbanization and education, there is still a long way to go. The uneven balance remains due to social conditioning and the incidence of rigid gender constructions. If the child’s education is low, they reduce the likelihood of violence. Gender sensitization is a basic requirement for understanding the sensitive needs of a particular gender. It helps to examine our attitudes and beliefs and to question ‘realities’.
According to WHO estimates, less than 40 percent of women experiencing violence seek the help of any kind. Women who ask for help go to family and friends and see very few formal institutions and systems, such as police and health services. Less than 10 percent of those women who sought help to experience the violence appealed to the police. The “latest” data indicates that police file charge sheets in 86% of rape cases but trial courts are only able to settle 13% of pending rape cases with a reduced conviction rate of 32%. In cases of child rape, the conviction rate is 34.2% and the pendency is 82.1%.
According to the data, Uttar Pradesh has the highest number of crimes against women, while Madhya Pradesh has the highest number of rape cases in the country. Gender inequality is one of the deepest root causes of violence against women that puts women at risk for many forms of violence. Violence in any form not only affects the physical, mental, sexual, and reproductive health of women but also adversely affects decisions about their self-esteem, ability to work, and fertility. Violence impedes the participation of women in developmental and planning programs on a micro and macro level. Sensitive, incompetent, corrupt, and unacceptable judicial systems and law enforcement machinery fail to fight against various forms of crimes.
Presently, it has become mandatory to provide sensitivity to students of schools and colleges to get rid of misconceptions about physical and physical activities. Gender sensitization is a movement through which people with conservative and traditional thinking should be able to ensure equal participation of women and men in decision making; To equally facilitate; Equal access to and control over resources; To achieve the same benefits of development; To get equal opportunities in employment; Economic, political, cultural and social fields can also get equal respect in all other aspects of their life and livelihood so that both sexes can enjoy their human rights without any hindrance.
With the help of education, gender sensitivity in educational institutions can create awareness among children, parents, and other members of the community about their role in the future, as do men and women in society. Furthermore, it is the power of education that can bring about a great social change in society at large. As we know that our society is rigid, it is difficult to change the mind of the people. Therefore, the government should initiate more welfare schemes to make women self-sufficient to praise the sensitization process.
Society plays an important role in creating a safe environment for women. Giving birth to gender-sensitive children will create a safe society. After the Nirbhaya incident, the UN human rights chief said against rape and violence, women in India have a “national problem” that would require a “national solution”. Better policing, fast-track courts, speedy punishment of time. Needs because each can serve as one. Public places should be made safe for all. Girls and girls should be raised in an atmosphere of freedom and a culture of mutual respect. Self-esteem, right to privacy, and gender sensitivity are issues that have to be integrated within.
Changes in school and college curriculum and respect for women’s autonomy are needed to educate youth on social values of equality.
Parents have a responsibility in the proper upbringing of a male child. Boys and girls should be raised in an atmosphere of freedom and a culture of mutual respect. It is important to implement and implement and implement policies that promote gender equality by ending discrimination against women in marriage, divorce and custody laws, inheritance laws, and ownership of assets. The focus should be on what can be done, what is currently lacking, and the constant effort to measure the results otherwise this outrage will pass without even meaningful change.
There is a need for comprehensive and systematic research and analysis on crime against women at the central, state, district, and block levels. Overall, issues related to women’s safety should be considered more than ever.
(Author is a Research Scholar in Political Science, University of Delhi. The views expressed are personal opinion of the author. He can be reached at [email protected])