Jamshedpur: Tata Main Hospital (TMH), Jamshedpur is going to observe World Mental Health Day on 10th October (tomorrow). In a bid to spread awareness among the people on mental health of adults, information leaflets on the subject will be distributed among visitors on the occasion.
The world’s population is ageing rapidly. Between 2000 and 2050, the proportion of the world’s older adults is estimated to double from about 11% to 22%. Although in India, population of people older than 65 is only 5.6%. But in absolute number this is almost seven crores. Older people face special physical and mental health challenges which need to be recognized.
Risk factors for mental health problems among the older adults are many. Multiple social, psychological, and biological factors determine the level of mental health of a person at any point of time.
Older people are more likely to experience events such as bereavement because of loss of loved ones or children staying far away, loss of regular income, increase health care need & cost, change in power balance in family and society because of retirement.
Many older adults lose their ability to live independently because of limited mobility, chronic pain, and frailty. All of these factors can result in isolation, loss of independence, loneliness and psychological distress in older people.
The most common mental health problems experienced by older people are depression and dementia. There is a common belief that these problems are a natural part of the ageing process but this is not the case.
It is important to remember that most people remain in good mental health throughout their lives. Ageing does not mean poor health and we should look forward to health ageing.
Dementia is the name given to a group of diseases that affect the normal working of the brain. Dementia can lead to a decline in mental ability; affecting memory, thinking, problem-solving, concentrating and perception.
In majority of the cases it is irreversible.
Depression can cause great suffering and leads to impaired functioning in daily life. The common symptoms are feelings of sadness or hopelessness, difficulties with daily activities, difficulties concentrating, changes in your sleep pattern and changes in your eating pattern. Both psychological and medical treatments are available to treat depression.
If you are worried about a mental health problem; talk about your feelings, Ask for help and Look after yourself, look out for others. Few steps to good mental health are: Keep yourself physically active, eat well, drink if at all in moderation, value and care for yourself and others, keep in touch with friends and loved ones.
Get involved and make a contribution, Learn new skills, Do something creative, Get in touch with your spiritual side, Get in touch with nature, Look for help.