Thursday, October 21, 2021

‘Abua Dishom Re Abua Raj’

June 9 is Birsa Munda Martyrs Day

By Dil Bahadur

“Abua: Dishom Re Abua: Raj” will prevail and the kingdom of the Dikus (exploiters) will end. The name of a chain of great men who rued against the British rule, freed India from the British exploitation policy and unbearable subjugation is–  Lord Birsa Munda.  Abu: Dishom Re Abua Raj, that is, giving the slogan of our rule in our country, Lord Birsa Munda, the tribal leader of Chotanagpur region of India, never bowed before the British rule, did not bow down, but for the rights of water, forest and land.  Called for revolution against “Ulgulan”.  Destroyed himself but till the last breath Lord Birsa Munda, the freedom fighter who fought with the British, attained immortality. His sacrifice, sacrifice and sacrifice made Birsa Munda Lord Birsa Munda, today not only Jharkhand but the entire nation worships Birsa Munda as God.  He salutes them while assimilating them.

After the death of Birsa Munda on 9 June 1900, the Ulgulan run by Birsa Munda shook the British rule.  Tried to find out the reasons for the British rule that why the tribals revolted against the British rule so much. The Ulgulan of Birsa Munda proved that water, forest and land are the rights of the tribals.  The tribals of this place will not tolerate it if someone snatches it or rules it. Nature’s priests, cultural heritage, proximity to nature and political dignity are also inherent in nature.  This is also the heritage of tribal tradition.  Water, forest and land are linked to the existence of tribals.  Their right on water, forest and land is the sign of their political, social, cultural existence. This is the reason why the British government had to give serious thought to the protection and protection of the land of the tribals, Harijans and backward ruling classes, which are legal.  The Chotanagpur Tenancy Act came into existence as 1908.  The Chotanagpur Tenancy Act is a safeguard to protect the existence of the tribals here.

Relevance of Chotanagpur Tenancy Act and entitlement of original ryots

It is well known that the Chotanagpur Tenancy Act 1908 is the backbone to protect the land of the original ryots (Scheduled Tribes / Scheduled Castes / Backward Classes) of Chotanagpur.  This act is related to the cultural, social and traditional system of Chotanagpur because the land is the mainstay of the life of the people of Chotanagpur.  The Act has a historical background.  The basic spirit and existence here is associated with this act, that is why Lord Birsa Munda fought with the British to protect the water, forest and land here.  The transfer of their rights was banned so that their land could be protected. Many amendments were made in the course of time and finally the ryots got the right to transfer their rights by obtaining prior permission from the Deputy Commissioner, in which the Scheduled Tribes got the same revenue.  The Scheduled Tribes and Scheduled Castes and Backward Classes under the village and police station got the right to transfer land to the Scheduled Castes and Backward Classes of the same district. The above Act was actually established as an Act to protect the original residents of Chotanagpur.  But the race of development, the establishment of big industries, the establishment of a big project, and in the interest of the capitalists, industrialists, this ideal act was deactivated by the government and the bourgeoisie, the industrialist class under a conspiracy and the basic sentiments of this law were blown away.  According to the data of 1911, the total population of the erstwhile Ghatshila police station was 2,55,731 in which there were 82,626 Santals, 47655 Bhumijs, 11738 Kurmis, 10532 Ahirs and Gowalas, 10027 Bhuyans, 8591 Khadias and others, in which Santals, Bhumijs, and Khadias had a total population of 138872 i.e.  53% of the total population was what we know today as Scheduled Tribes.

According to 2001 census, the total population of present East Singhbhum is 19 82888 in which total population of scheduled tribe is 552187 which is 27.8% of total population, it is clear from above data that population has increased at a fast pace but population of tribals here decreases due to this.  It is clear that in the present Chhotanagpur Tenancy Act, the existence of the people here is in danger, so if it is amended or removed, will their existence be saved.  This act was presented as tribal only but in spite of prohibition of transfer of land of Scheduled Castes, Backward Classes in section 46 (b) of this Act, in violation of the above section under a conspiracy in the name of development.  The transfer of land was done illegally on a large scale, for which the Government of Jharkhand from the then Bihar till now is also involved.  If many small and big industries were established in the name of development, but instead of facing the brunt of displacement here, nothing was destined, if the figures are obtained, then the employment of the original ryots in the big companies here is negligible.  have been found.  On 25 January 2012, after the Jharkhand High Court ordered strict implementation of this Act, there was no room for doubt in the ambiguity and usefulness of this Act and the land mafia of Chhota Nagpur would be responsible for the violators of this Act.  It became a slit for the neck.  Some people are doing this propaganda with a narrow mindset, the implementation of this act will lead to a civil war. Such people do not want the existence of the original ryots of Chhota Nagpur. By fixing the responsibility of the public servants on the implementation of this act, the people of Chotanagpur.  The original ryots and their rights can be protected and the existence of the people here can be maintained.

  Land return and complex judicial process

According to the information received under the Right to Information Act, only in East Singhbhum district in the last five years, under the Schedule Area Regulation Act, only 20% of the SAR cases have been executed and 80% cases / cases under the Deputy Commissioner of East Singhbhum.  It is still under consideration. From the year 2016-17 to 2020-21, out of total 54 SAR cases, only 10 cases have been executed and 43 cases are still pending with the Deputy Commissioner.  Many such cases are pending in the commissioner’s court for the last 10-11 years and even when asked for information under the Right to Information Act, they try to give information.  It is clear that under the Chotanagpur Tenancy Act, the tribals or the land return case is kept pending for years under a conspiracy and the officials are not interested in the speedy execution of the honest promises.  The government should make the officers responsible for speedy execution of all SAR cases in CNT cases and a committee should be formed to investigate why any litigation remains pending for years and for which  Appropriate action should be taken against the officers or employees who are responsible. Since the tribals have to face the brunt of despair to get their rights due to the complicated and delayed judicial process.

(Author is an Advocate cum President of National Jharkhand Sangharsh Morcha. The views expressed are personal opinion of the author. He can be reached at

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