Monday, February 6, 2023

Employment generation through technology


By Devendraraj Suthar

National Technology Day is celebrated across the country on 11 May by the Ministry of Science and Technology to commemorate the achievements achieved in the field of science and technology. Indeed, India was considered a very weak country before it demonstrated its nuclear power. Along with this, the countries which already had nuclear power, considered India down. After some time, the real turning point in this thinking of these countries came when India described itself as the sixth country which has the power to make nuclear weapons. An earthquake of up to 5.3 reactor scale was recorded in the surrounding areas on 11 May 1998 in India when the Atomic Research Department tested three atomic bombs in Pokhran. The test was named ‘Shakti’ by the Research Department of India. Two days later, on 13 May 1998, two more nuclear bombs were tested. On the same day, the Indian security department also tested the Trishul missile and the Hans-3 (training aircraft). India’s most powerful and successful nuclear test was carried out in 1998 and the great scientist Abdul Kalam was behind this whole test.

The credit for handing over this work to Abdul Kalam goes to former Prime Minister Atal Vihari Vajpayee. All nuclear tests were successfully tested by the excellent guidance of Abdul Kalam ji. After this test, the Central Government termed this achievement as India’s biggest achievement. After World War II, countries like Japan and Korea came out in the wake of war and stood at par with the developed economies of the world in the 80s and 90s. Their companies have become the most powerful companies in the world today. The secret of their success is that their corporate employees are as combative, alert and determined even today. They know what can truly be called the Fourth Industrial Revolution. They are eager to know and understand everything about technologies at every step, which will put them at a height in the competitive world of the future. On the other hand, if we talk about India, then, despite intelligence and skill, there seems to be lack of detailed approach. This is the reason that with the introduction of liberalization in 1990, the growing Indian economy was reinforced. Indian policies and skills have not changed in comparison to the way the best technologies of Japan and Korea have started to change the world economy since 2000.

Artificial intelligence, genomics, robotics and sensors are coming so fast in the world market, which will prove fatal for many jobs and businesses. Such new technologies of many types of robots, electric cars, cheap economical energy etc. are being brought on such a wide scale, which will destroy many industries. American company Amazon started as an online book store. But today on the basis of new technologies and efficiency, he has deposited his coin in the online market of India. It is now a major contender for cloud services in India. Similarly, Ola and Uber in the taxi industry, Apple and Netflix in the entertainment industry, Tesla in the automobile industry have made a splash through electric cars. In today’s time, companies that rule one industry are dominating other industries as well. This is the biggest threat in the industry.

This is a big problem of the businessmen who have ruled the markets of India, that they are not making any preparations to save the business from this disintegration. Its impact can be seen as layoffs in India’s information technology sector. The knock of this danger has been given for many years. But our businessmen and technical experts did not take any step in this direction. Our corporates are also working the same way. Every corporate company has different departments of marketing, sales, customer support and mutual competition is going on in these departments only. The corporate company does not allow its employees to rise above the departments and envisage competing with other companies. This is the reason why king companies like Motorola and Kodak also went out of the market. On the one hand the threats are increasing with modern techniques, on the other hand the opportunities are also increasing.

Artificial intelligence is increasing the decisive capacity of human beings. They are also being used in agriculture, from the use of sensors in smart cities and medical areas. If Indians take advantage of these opportunities by adopting them, then they can make a place among the best businessmen in the world. In recent years, India’s progress in the fields of science, technology and innovation development has been impressive. India’s entry into the Global Innovation Index with the 48th rank (a huge improvement from 81st place in 2015) in the group of top 50 countries underscores India’s potential in the region and its positive future. Today, there is a need to start a debate in the country on how to promote these new technologies so that on one hand the country can become a leader in this field in the world, on the other hand, by choosing the appropriate technology, all kinds of the country The youth, whether they are skilled or unskilled, should also get employment. The country is reaching new heights in robot production, drone production and artificial intelligence. Promoting this trend, there is a need to wave our glory in the world. But according to the needs of our country, there is a need to adopt these technologies in India. 

(The author is a freelance journalist. He continuously writes on contemporary topics. The views expressed are personal opinion of the author. He can be reached at [email protected])

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