State on way to eliminate malaria transmission by 2030
Ranchi, June 29: State health minister Banna Gupta claimed that there has been significant decline in malaria cases in Jharkhand in last few years.
“Jharkhand is one of the five states in the country where the highest number of malaria cases are reported. Apart from Jharkhand, Odisha, Chhattisgarh, Madhya Pradesh and Meghalaya have the highest number of cases of the vector-borne disease. These states accounted for 45.47 percent of the total malaria cases in the country in 2019. Amidst these challenges, Jharkhand has made remarkable progress in reducing the malaria burden and the number of malaria cases in the state has decreased between 2017 and 2021,” said a statement issued by Banna Gupta.
Jharkhand ranked third in the nationwide survey of malaria eradication based on the World Health Organization’s World Malaria Report – 2020. As per annual statistics of malaria in the state, there has been a steady decrease.
Jharkhand had 94,114 cases in 2017, while 57,095 cases were registered in 2018. This was a decrease of 39 percent. Then in 2019 37,133 cases were registered and there was a decrease of 35 percent. 16,653 cases were registered in 2020, a decrease of 55 percent. In the year 2021, 19 percent less cases were registered as compared to 2019 and the number has come down to 13,426.
Banna Gupta said that “The tribal areas are also making constant efforts to spread awareness about this disease among the people, as a result of which there is a significant reduction in malaria cases.
Simultaneously, several efforts are also made in tribal and other areas under the malaria eradication strategies of the Government of Jharkhand – such as large-scale fever surveys, distribution of LLINs, spraying insecticides at mosquito breeding sites in disease-prone areas.
The state has maintained a low mortality rate due to malaria and the number of malaria deaths during 2017-2021 ranged from zero to 0.04 per cent. The State is working in line with the National Malaria Eradication Campaign and it will help in achieving the target of zero indigenous transmission in the country by 2027 and elimination by 2030.
Inter-sectoral approach has helped in reducing malaria cases in the state. Along with this, several solutions were implemented such as rearing fish that feed on mosquito larvae in LLIN small water bodies, training ASHA workers in the diagnosis and care of malaria. Inter-sectoral approach has been extremely important in malaria eradication efforts. Integrated service delivery of various components under the National Health Mission and other programs is important in the eradication of malaria. Some of the key areas where partner organizations and departments can work together to make a big impact are community effort, increased responsibility for government programs to advance services, improved health and health-friendly behavior, environmental protection, safe water and Including ensuring vector control.