Increases reservation to 77 % from 60 %, CM says poll promises fulfilled
Ball in Centre court for inclusion of provisions in 9th schedule of Constitution
Ranchi, November 11: Jharkhand assembly in a special session on Friday passed two important Bills and in the process fulfilling the promises made by the UPA alliance partners JMM-Congress-RJD prior to 2019 assembly polls.
The Jharkhand Reservation in Vacancies of Posts and Services (Amendment) Bill 2022 passed in the state assembly on Friday raised the quota for reservations in government jobs for STs, SCs, EBCs, OBCs and economically weaker sections (EWS) to 77 per cent from a current 60 per cent.
However, the bill which was passed by a special session of the assembly, came with the caveat that “the Act shall take effect after it is included in the ninth schedule of the Constitution of India”.
While the new law was greeted by celebratory crowds smearing colours and distributing sweets in capital Ranchi and other cities of Jharkhand, critics lashed out at it as a “political gimmick” by the beleaguered Hemant Soren government facing multiple charges and threats from federal agencies.
In the proposed reservation, local people belonging to the Scheduled Caste (SC) community will get a quota of 12 per cent, Scheduled Tribes 28 per cent, extremely backward classes (EBCs) 15 per cent, Other Backward Communities (OBCs) 12 per cent and EWS, barring those from the other reserved categories, 10 per cent.
At present the STs enjoy 26 per cent reservation in Jharkhand, while SCs have a 10 per cent quota and OBCs 14 per cent. The reservation for EWS by Jharkhand comes on the heels of a Supreme Court verdict given earlier this week upholding the validity of the reservation to the economically weaker sections (EWS).
It is being viewed as a political fightback by Soren aimed at strengthening mass support in view of the coming Assembly and Lok Sabha elections. Soren termed the legislation as a “suraksha kavach” (safety shield) for the state’s people who, he said, have “foiled the conspiracies of the opposition”. The UPA government has restored the previous 27 per cent quota to OBCs that was slashed to 14 per cent by the previous BJP regime, he said.
“The reins of the state went to such people who abolished the 27 per cent reservation. They played with the fate of the local youth. During the last 20 years they have committed atrocities on local people. Now the peoples’ hopes have been rekindled and conspiracy by the opposition has been exposed,” the chief minister said.
The second bill which was passed unanimously “Jharkhand Definition of Local Persons and for Extending the Consequential, Social, Cultural and Other Benefits to Such Local Persons Bill, 2022.”
This bill extend the definition of local persons and the consequent socio-cultural and other benefits to such local persons’ identifies locals on the basis of survey record published in 1932 or before this. Landless locals and locals having no paper of Khatiyan of 1932 or Khatiyan prior to this date will be identified with the help of Gram Sabha.
However, the provisions of the bills will be enacted after they are included in the Ninth Schedule of the constitution of Indian.
Jharkhand chief minister Hemant Soren termed the development as historic and said that with this development on November 11 added an extra feather in its cap as this is the same day when the CNT Act was passed in 1908 and proposal for Sarna religion code in Census form was passed in 2021.
Taking credit of this getting the historic bills passed chief minister Soren said: “Shibu Soren has provided Jharkhand state while his son has provided 1932 Khatiyan based identity and restored 27 percent reservation to OBC.”
During his speech he said that BJP is not a well wisher of the tribals and after ruining Madhu Koda and Arjun Munda it is targeting Babulal Marandi, who is fighting his last battle. He said that now the situation has come that the tribal people will not allow the BJP to enter their villages.
Chief minister Soren said his party will give befitting reply to all conspiracies being hatched against him and despite being in jail he will be able to root out the BJP from Jharkhand.