Monday, February 6, 2023

Can the right to work in India be made dignified?


Dr. Satywan Saurabh

Economies around the world are struggling to recover from the double whammy of the epidemic, increasing unemployment from lockdowns. But to enable the fulfillment of basic needs and work for basic needs. ‘Right to work’ is the most essential element to be able to live life. The term ‘right to work’ is often used to refer to unemployment or lack of availability of work. In India, the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act has a long history of promising jobs and the politics of unemployment.

The right to work was a major topic of discussion after World War II, and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights includes the right to work in economic, social, and cultural rights. In India, we do not have the constitutional right to work. But what we have is MNREGA. This is a step towards the right to work, but it is a statutory right. Under the MNREGA, a person can hold the state responsible for not fulfilling the right by demanding an unemployment allowance. Under MNREGA, a person can hold the state responsible for not fulfilling the authority based on demand.

India is witnessing a decline in the ratio of GDP, and most of the jobless growth is linked to labor and market laws. In these circumstances this right becomes important. The term ‘right to work’ is often used to refer to unemployment or lack of availability of work. But it also has another meaning, which is the right to earn my livelihood without any hindrance. On one hand, displacement and dispersal, and on the other hand, failure to create new jobs have made it more important to imagine the right to work constructively and to enforce it legally.

In a country like India, more and more automation is expected to increase unemployment. The government has cut 44 labor laws into four labor laws with labor organizations. Criticized as undermining workers’ rights. Protective labor laws in India apply to a small group of the labor force. For the rest, there is little legal protection, which is very little awareness about security and weak implementation. Protective labor laws exist in India, they enforce people in permanent government jobs for a negative right to the labor force. Therefore, given the constraints in the capacity of the state, when it comes to enforcing labor laws, strengthening the labor market is a great way to ensure that workers are treated well. A good employment guarantee program as far as ‘rights’ in work is concerned. This automatically creates conditions for better treatment of workers.

Here the idea is to create new employment opportunities with MNREGA so that those who are unemployed can get employment and live a respectable life. This dignity is attributed to working conditions, such as being paid fair wages and regulating working hours and using this work to do useful things such as repairing school buildings, cleaning parks, and so on. We do. Urban local bodies can issue job vouchers for pre-approved tasks to certified public institutions such as schools and universities.These institutions can only use vouchers to rent labor for pre-determined tasks – such as painting school buildings, repairing broken furniture, etc.

A full range of skills can be accommodated. Therefore, it is a workable agenda, but to make it workable, we need not only political but also fiscal resources. The right to work is not only about the lack of adequate work, but in general, there is a severe shortage of public goods and assets in urban India. Providing these public goods is the responsibility of the state, and this imperative can be combined with the employment generation program, as Maganrega does in rural areas.

The right to work is essentially linked to capitalism and work ethics, the right to work is the right to exploit against the capitalists and this is a completely fair view. If you are looking at the future of humanity, then no one can take a narrow view. The work must be completed, the work must be creative, and the work has to be put in its place, with decentralized urban employment and training MNREGA, the idea of creating new employment opportunities so that those who are unemployed can easily be employed and have a dignified job. Life can be generated by Generating employment by providing basic services like health, education, and housing by the state is a great way to ensure that workers are treated well.

(Author is a Research Scholar in Political Science, University of Delhi. The views expressed are personal opinion of the author. He can be reached at [email protected])

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